Preaching with Power

A Forum on Black Preaching and Theology

Preaching With Power, March 14-17, 2021

This year marks the 39th anniversary of Preaching with Power, presenting
the finest in African American preaching. For 2021 all events will be held online and posted on the ULS YouTube channel.
Preaching with Power features distinguished African American preachers and Theologians.

2021 Brochure

Please click on a name below to learn more about the 2021 presenters

Rev. Dr. Jessica Kendall Ingram

The Reverend Dr. Jessica Kendall Ingram has served as the Episcopal Supervisor for the First Episcopal District of the African Methodist Episcopal Church since July 4, 2012. Dr. Ingram oversees the work of the Women’s Missionary Society with a membership of over 5,000 women, the Young People’s Division, and the Minister Spouses for more than 300 churches in Delaware, New England, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda. She is the First Supervisor, who is an Ordained Elder in the AME serve to in this capacity in the history of the First District. Rev. Ingram holds the distinction of being the Executive Director of Planning for the Hosting of the General Conference of the AME Church in 2016. This conference was attended by over 40,000 persons.

Rev. Jessica’s work with the Women’s Missionary Society started at a young age. She was a YPDer at Wayman AME Church in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1975 she served for a year as a missionary teacher in Monrovia, Liberia. She taught English at Monrovia, High School and worked with the pastor in implementing outreach mission programs.

After her marriage to Rev. Gregory G.M. Ingram she worked with the Women’s Missionary Society at all of their assignments inclusive of Allen A.M.E. Alton, Illinois, St. John A.M.E. Springfield, Illinois, Quinn Chapel A.M.E., Chicago, Illinois and Oak Grove A.M.E. in Detroit. She was the area YPD Director in the Illinois Annual Conference as well as the Chairperson of Constitution and By-laws. Rev. Jessica was also the worship director for the Chicago Conference Branch of the WMS and the editor of the Missionary Newsletter for the Fourth District. She was an elected delegate to three WMS Quadrennials. Although ordained Elders cannot be members of the Women’s Missionary Society she continued her work with this worthwhile ministry. 

Prior to her current assignment, Dr. Ingram served from 2004-2012 as the Episcopal Supervisor in the Tenth Episcopal District, which comprises the State of Texas. From 2000-2004, she was the Supervisor of Missions for the Fifteenth Episcopal District, which includes Angola, Namibia and most of South Africa.

From 1987-2000, Rev. Jessica, as she affectionately is called by many, served as the full-time Assistant Pastor of Oak Grove A.M.E. Church in Detroit, Michigan, where she established a comprehensive Ministry to Women. In 1992, while at Oak Grove, Dr. Ingram founded the L.I.F.T. Women's Resource Center to address the needs of women who are recovering from physical, mental and substance abuse. The Center has served more than 30,000 women since its inception.

In addition to her work in the local church, Dr. Ingram has served as an Adjunct Professor at Ashland Theological Seminary, where she taught classes on Women in Ministry, Spiritual Formation and Ministerial Ethics. She has traveled the United States, the Caribbean and Africa preaching, lecturing and facilitating workshops and retreats.

Because of her concern and compassion for the plight of women in South Africa, Dr. Ingram in 2003 founded the Balm in Gilead Centre: The Healing Place for Women. She raised more than $300,000 to construct the facility and an additional $100,000 for operational support. The Centre is located in Wallacedene, an impoverished settlement east of Cape Town, where many of the women are unemployed, uneducated and underserved. The Centre provides them with basic diagnostic medical testing and referrals, along with parenting skills, computer classes, day care and job training. Dr. Ingram has made four mission trips to the Centre since 2005. On February 20, 2018, the Centre was renamed “The Rev. Dr. Jessica Kendall Ingram Multipurpose & Resource Balm of Gilead Centre” by Bishop David Rwhynica Daniels, Jr., Presiding Prelate and Rev. Mother Irene Daniels, Episcopal Supervisor of the 15th Episcopal District AME Church.

In addition, she planned and executed six International Women’s Convocations (IWC). In 2003, more than 900 people from the USA joined hundreds of women from Africa for IWC 2003 in Cape Town. This historic event was a week-long, cross-cultural, intergenerational experience that included worship services, workshops and a wide-ranging outreach ministry. IWC 2004 was held in Kimberley, capital of the Northern Cape Province in South Africa. That was followed by IWC 2006 in Dallas, Texas. The women of the Tenth Episcopal District raised more than $100,000 to cover travel and hotel expenses for women who attended from every overseas district of the AME Church. This was the first comprehensive, global convocation for women in the history of the AME Church to originate in the United States. Dr. Ingram continued to act on her passion for bringing women of all nations together for spiritual enrichment by sponsoring three additional International Women’s Convocations. They were held in Cape Town in 2008, 2009 and 2010.

Always searching for new ways to bless the lives of women, Dr. Ingram founded the Women of Hope Project, Inc., while in Texas. Women of Hope is a nonprofit, women’s resource and advocacy group headquartered in the United States, but motivated by a global agenda. The organization’s Mission is to disrupt the status quo for disadvantaged women by improving their physical, spiritual, emotional and financial well-being.

In the First District she founded Project Possible. This initiative is designed to address the needs of marginalized women. The project has programs for young girls who are engaged in human sex trafficking, women who have been released from prison as well as providing G.E.D. programs for women who want their high school diplomas. It is in operation in all seven of the annual conferences.

An accomplished writer, Dr. Ingram has self-published three widely read and highly praised books: The Journey Inward, Still on the Journey and A Journey in the Experience of Prayer: A Guide for the Pilgrim Traveler. In 1997 she was featured in Ebony magazine as one of the Fifteen Top African-American Female Preachers in the United States. The African-American Pulpit, considered to be the definitive journal on preaching in black America, named her one of the 20 Great African-American Revivalists. Her sermon, “The Silence of God,” was included in the journal along with a CD.

In June of 2019, Rev. Jessica was chosen as the morning Lecturer at the 105th Session of the Hampton Institute. She is one of a small group of women who have had this honor.

Dr. Ingram earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Special Education from the University of Missouri, a Master of Arts degree in Guidance and Counseling from St. Louis University, a Master of Religious Education from Garrett Evangelical Theological Seminary and a Doctorate of Ministry in Spirituality from United Theological Seminary. She was trained in Spiritual Direction at the Colombiere Center in Clarkston, Michigan. Rev. Ingram is the first protestant African American to study at this center.

Dr. Ingram is a past President of the Supervisors Council of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. She has received numerous awards from civic groups, community organizations and the seminaries she has attended. She has been a proud member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., since 1966, when she became a charter member of the Epsilon Psi Chapter at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Dr. Ingram has been married to Bishop Gregory Gerald McKinley Ingram for 43 years. They are the proud parents of Jennifer Ingram McCoy and have welcomed to their family Gregory McCoy. They have two beautiful granddaughters, Jayda and Gabby.

Rev. Dr. Gina M. Stewart

The Reverend Dr. Gina Marcia Stewart is a pastor, preacher, visionary, builder, mentor, adjunct professor, and daughter of Christ Missionary Baptist Church in Memphis, Tennessee. She has led the congregation of Christ Missionary Baptist Church since March 1995. She is a native Memphian and “daughter” of CMBC, where she was baptized and mentored for ministry by her predecessor and former pastor, the Rev. Eddie L Currie. On March 4, 1995, she was elected by majority vote to serve as the pastor of CMBC. She is the first African American female elected to serve an established African American Baptist congregation in Memphis and Shelby County.

Dr. Stewart is a 1978 graduate of Memphis Catholic High School. She earned a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in Marketing in 1982 from the University of Memphis. In 1989, she received a Masters of Education in Administration and Supervision from Trevecca Nazarene College in Nashville, Tennessee. She received the Master of Divinity degree from Memphis Theological Seminary in May 1996. Dr. Stewart also attended the Harvard Divinity School Summer Leadership Institute for Church Based Community and Economic Development (2000). She received the Doctor of Ministry degree from the Interdenominational Theological Center (ITC) in Atlanta, Georgia on May 5, 2007. She is currently pursuing a PhD in African American Preaching at Christian Theological Seminary in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Dr. Stewart has received numerous honors and awards for her outstanding service to the church and the community such as the Outstanding African American Student Award from Memphis Theological Seminary (1996); Outstanding African American Alumni Award from Memphis Theological Seminary (1998); Outstanding Citizen of the Year from Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority (2000); the Community Service Award from Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority (2000); the O'landa Draper Humanitarian Award; the Pastor of the Year Award (medium size church) from the Gospel Bridge Awards (June 2004); The World’s Most Loved Pastors (November/December 2005-Gospel Today Magazine); and the Women of Wisdom Award from the Women’s Foundation of Greater Memphis (April 2007). She received the Pastor of the Year award from Citizens for Better Service (2012). She was the first female to receive the prestigious Carter G. Woodson Award from Southwest Community College in February 2013. In February 2017, she received the Living Legends Award in recognition of her outstanding contributions to the community. In April 2017, she received the Class of 2017 Women of Excellence Award from the Tri-State Defender, and she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from Memphis Juneteenth Festival in June 2017. In October 2017, she received The Rev. Dr. Cynthia L. Hale Visionary Enthusiast Award from Women in Ministry State of New York (WIMSNY). She received the Woman of Courage Award from Dress for Success Memphis (June 2018) and the Sister with Soul-Thought Leader and Innovator in Faith Award from Power Ministries (June 2018).

Dr. Stewart’s work been featured in numerous books and publications including Audacity of Faith: Christian Leaders Reflect on the Election of Barack Obama, What We Love About the Black Church: Can We Get A Witness? and Black Practical Theology. She has been featured in Gospel Today and Spirit Magazine, “Soul Sanctuary” (released April 2006), a desktop documentary of the essential highlights of the African American worship experiences across denominations nationwide, and The African American Pulpit, a quarterly journal that serves as a repository for the very best of African American preaching and provides practical and creative resources for persons in ministry.

Dr. Stewart had the distinction of being the morning preacher for the Hampton Ministers’ Conference in June 2009 and the Conference Preacher for the Hampton Ministers’ Conference in June 2011.

She has served as a Team Leader for the Pastoral Excellence Program for Lott Carey International, a development and advocacy organization. She has also served as Adjunct Faculty for Memphis Theological Seminary and a Faculty Mentor for United Theological Seminary Doctor of Ministry Program. She is currently a Visiting Professor of Practical Theology for the Samuel D. Proctor School of Theology at Virginia Union University.

Dr. Stewart was inducted into the Martin Luther King Board of Preachers-Class of 2018 (April) and elected to serve on the National Board of the NAACP (February 2017). She currently serves as the 1st Vice President for the Lott Carey Foreign Mission Convention. She also serves as a member of the Advisory Council for the Samuel DeWitt Proctor School of Theology at Virginia Union University, Co-Convener for the Women in Ministry Conference (WIM-Dr. Cynthia L. Hale, Convener), and a Trustee for the Samuel DeWitt Proctor Pastors’ Conference.

She is a former member of the Advisory Board for The African American Pulpit, The National Civil Rights Museum and Bread for the World. She is a current board member for the March of Dimes. Dr. Stewart is the founder of Greater Works Inc., a non-profit organization devoted to philanthropy and ministry development. She is also a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. In September 2015, she released her first book entitled We’ve Got Next: HERstory in HIStory.

Under Dr. Stewart’s leadership, CMBC has experienced significant numerical, physical and financial growth. The church has purchased several additional properties to accommodate its increasing growth. The church offers more than fifty ministries, which are intended to minister to the spirit, soul and body of every person and lead to personal transformation. She travels extensively conducting workshops, revivals, and seminars. Dr. Stewart is a woman with a heart for God and God’s people.
Facebook: Dr. Gina M. Stewart
Instagram: @drginamstewart
Twitter: @drgmstewart
Website: www.greaterworks-drgms.org

Rev. Dr. M. William Howard Jr.

From his early life in Americus. Georgia to the present, M. William (Bill) Howard, Jr. has sought to apply his faith toward transforming the human condition.
As an elected youth leader of the Sumter County (GA) Voters League in 1961, he was engaged in the first massive voter education and registration drive in Southwest Georgia. As a national staff member of the (Dutch) Reformed Church in America; as Moderator of the Programme to Combat Racism of the World Council of Churches; as President of the National Council of Churches; and as President of the American Committee on Africa, he was deeply involved in a wide-range of Human Rights and anti-colonial campaigns in the US, Southern Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia. He was denied visas to South Africa until after Nelson Mandela was released in 1990;in 1979, with the late Dr. William Sloane Coffin, Bishop Thomas Gumbleton and the late Leon-Etienne Cardinal Duval, he ministered to US personnel being held hostage in Iran; and with the Reverend Jesse L. Jackson, he helped to secure the release of US Navy pilot, Robert O. Goodman from Syria in 1983.

Having spent much of the 70’s and 80’sfocusing upon international affairs, in 1992 he turned to more domestic concerns when he assumed the presidency of New York Theological Seminary, a graduate school of theological education devoted to leadership development for church workers in the New York metropolitan region. During his tenure at the Seminary, NYTS implemented joint programs with two area universities in Social Work and Urban Education, and was granted the Award for Excellence by the Arthur Vining Davis Foundations.

Dr. Howard was called to pastor Bethany Baptist Church in Newark, NJ in 2000, where he served through 2015. Bethany, the mother church of African American Baptists in Newark, was founded in 1871.Among developments at Bethany during Dr. Howard’s tenure are Bethany Cares, Inc., which was founded as a community-development corporation to enhance the church’s outreach capacity, and through it, the church served families and young people from all walks of life, including those who were incarcerated. University Heights Charter School was founded in 2005 and now serves over 600children, Pre-K thru 8th grade. A life-long Jazz fan, Dr. Howard was the inspiration for Bethany’s Jazz Vespers, a monthly worship service that features “America’s Classical Music” nine months of the year.

Dr. Howard has served on the national boards of the Urban League, The Independent Sector, and The Children’s Defense Fund, among others. He chaired Newark Mayor Cory Booker’s transition team; and he chaired the NJ Death Penalty Study Commission, which led to the State of NJ becoming the first state in the USA to abolish the death penalty since it was re-authorized by the US Supreme Court in 1976. He served on the Rutgers University Board of Governors for a decade, and was elected as its chair for three terms. In 2011, he was named by NJBiz as one of the “100 Most Powerful People” in New Jersey business.

He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and has received numerous citations, awards, honorary degrees and keys to cities. In February 2008, he received the Bennie Award for Achievement, named for famed Morehouse College president, Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, whose autobiography, Born to Rebel, Dr. Howard helped to research.

Dr. Howard is an ordained minister in the American Baptist Churches, USA, a graduate of Morehouse and Princeton Theological Seminary, and he and his wife, the former Barbara J. Wright, married in 1970. They are the parents of three adult children, and grandparents to one grandchild.

Since retiring from the Bethany in 2015, Dr. Howard has continued work as a member of a corporate Board of Directors, while he writes, reads, travels and spends time with his family.

Rev. Tiffany C. Chaney

The Rev. Tiffany Chaney is an ordained minister in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. She lives in Montgomery, Alabama, where she serves as Chief Diversity Officer for Baptist Health, a three-hospital health system, and as Pastor Developer for Gathered by Grace, a mission community serving young adults.

As Chief Diversity Officer, Tiffany leads the strategic development, promotion, and implementation of initiatives to continually shape the culture of the health system as one valuing diversity, equity, and inclusion. As a Mission Developer, Tiffany actively engages in evangelism, preaching, teaching, pastoral care, community partnership, administration, leadership development, vision-casting, strategic planning, and fund development.

She is also active in the wider church, serving the ELCA churchwide organization as a member of the African Descent Strategy Team and as Co-Team Leader for Synod Day for the 2022 ELCA Youth Gathering. She is also Communications Chairperson for the national African Descent Lutheran Association. Within the Southeastern Synod, Tiffany serves as Chairperson for Umoyo, the synod's vitality initiative for congregations of African descent.

A native of Mobile, Alabama, Tiffany is a graduate of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where she received the Bachelor of Science in finance, the Master of Business Administration, and the Master of Science in Health Administration degrees, and a graduate of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia, where she received the Master of Divinity degree.

Tiffany has been invited to speak, teach, and write about a variety of topics including cultural sensitivity, racial justice, equity, strategic planning, evangelism, post-modern ministry, economic justice, asset mapping, young adult ministry, communications, and shifting culture. She is also a certified coach, trained to work with individual and organizational clients to achieve goals.

Committed to serving the community, Tiffany is a member of Faith in Action Alabama and Interfaith Montgomery. She serves as a board member for domestic violence awareness organization Women of Refined Gold and is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., where she was voted the 2020Humanitarian of the year by the Beta Nu Omega Chapter. Tiffany is a Fellow in the American College of Healthcare Executives and a member of the National Association of Health Services Executives.

Pastor Tiffany’s centering life scripture is Proverbs 3:5-6, “Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not rely on your own insight. In all your ways acknowledge God, and God will make straight your paths.

Bishop Guy L. Glimp

Bishop Guy L. Glimp is the son of the late Superintendent James and Mother Hazel Glimp. A son of the church, Bishop Glimp grew up and actively served at the Mt. Zion Church of God in Christin Reading, PA under the leadership of his father until 1976. He moved to Philadelphia, PA and attended Holy Temple Church of God in Christ, where he was mentored by the late Bishop O. T. Jones, Jr.

In 1982, Bishop Glimp submitted to the call of God. His heart for ministry matured while at Holy Temple. After a decade of service, he was ordained by the late Bishop O.T. Jones Jr. in 1992.Bishop Glimp was sent to Sanctuary Church of God in Christ, which is located in the Mt. Airy section of Philadelphia, PA. Sanctuary was founded by the late Pastor Otis T. Massey who served as president of the Charles Harrison Mason Foundation. In 1995, he was appointed pastor of Sanctuary Church of God in Christ. Under his leadership, the ministry has experienced tremendous growth. His fundamental mission is to evangelize the lost, edify the believer, equip the saints for ministry and grow the local church.

In 2012, this multi-talented leader was appointed by the late Bishop Benjamin J. Ravenel, Sr., as Third Administrative Assistant of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the Church of God in Christ, affectionately known as “The Commonwealth.” Bishop Glimp also served as the Chief Financial Officer of the jurisdiction with responsibility for all banking and investing activities for 18 years.

On November 12, 2017, at the 110th Holy Convocation in St. Louis, MO Bishop Glimp was consecrated Auxiliary Bishop by the Presiding Prelate and Chief Apostle of the Church of God in Christ, Inc., The Most Reverend, Bishop Charles E. Blake, Sr.

On April 20, 2018, Bishop Ravenel, who faithfully served the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction as its leader, transitioned into eternal life. On May 1, 2018, Presiding Bishop Charles E. Blake, Sr., met with the superintendents, pastors, and leaders of the jurisdiction to set things in order. During that meeting he asked, “Who feels that they are called by God to lead this Historic Jurisdiction?” Bishop Guy L. Glimp stood by the leading of the Holy Spirit. Bishop Blake named himself the Interim Prelate of the jurisdiction and with unanimous consent appointed Bishop Glimp as Assistant to the Bishop. On Friday, August 31, 2018 at the 98th Annual Holy Convocation of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, the General Secretary of the Church of God in Christ, Bishop Joel H. Lyles, read the Letter of Appointment to the Office of Jurisdictional Prelate. Presiding Bishop Charles E. Blake, Sr., officially appointed and blessed Bishop Glimp as leader of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. The General Assembly ratified the appointment of Bishop Glimp in November 2018.

In the National Church, Bishop Guy Glimp is Dean of the National Adjutancy Corp., member of the Quality Assurance Team, Budget Committee and served as Interim Controller of the church reporting directly to Presiding Bishop Charles E, Blake, Sr. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of Charles H. Mason Theological Seminary in Atlanta, GA. Bishop Glimp is known for his extensive community involvement in Philadelphia, PA. He is a member of the Police/Clergy of Philadelphia, Black Clergy of Philadelphia & Vicinity, which deals with social programs and progressive policies to enhance the lives of those in the community and is co-chair of the Philadelphia Lawyers & Collars Campaign.

Bishop Glimp holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from Shippensburg University and Stonier Graduate School of Banking. He has been conferred the Master of Divinity (M.Div.) and the Master of Sacred Theology (STM) degrees from the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia.

Bishop Glimp is the proud husband of Lady Regina Hester Glimp and they are the loving parents of three: Regine (now with the Lord), Cherelle and Jonathan.

Rev. Dr. John R. Adolph

Dr. John Adolph was born April 9, 1966 in Houston, Texas to the late Seymour V., Sr. and Barbara Jean Jackson Adolph. He attended public schools in Houston to include East Houston Elementary School, Kirby Middle School and M. B. Smiley Senior High School. He went on to further his academic pursuits at Texas Southern University on full scholarship in 1984 and received a BBA Degree in December 1989.

Dr. Adolph accepted his call to preach and do the work of his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in May of 1991. After being licensed to preach, he was compelled by the Holy Spirit to give his soul to the study of God's Word, so he entered the Interdenominational Theological Center, Morehouse School of Religion in Atlanta, Georgia where he would earn his Masters of Divinity Degree with honors. While in Atlanta two amazing things took place that would change his life forever. First, he was ordained by his earthly father and then Pastor, the Reverend Seymour V. Adolph, Sr. at New Hope Baptist Church, Houston TX., in May of 1994. And secondly, he met and married the love of his life, Dorrie Eileen and they are now the proud parents of two children, Sumone and Jonathan.

Upon graduation from Morehouse School of Religion, Pastor Adolph was called to become the Under Shepherd of Antioch Missionary Baptist Church in Beaumont, Texas. He accepted this Pastoral call in May of 1996 and has continued to lead the flock for over twenty years. In pursuit to further his education and his desire to learn more about the teachings of Jesus Christ, he entered the Houston Graduate School of Theology and graduated with his Doctorate of Ministry Degree in June 1999.

Pastor Adolph arrived in the Beaumont area with a vision to build the Kingdom of God on earth. With a sincere desire to reach the lost and disciple the saved in his heart, the congregation of 57 members started to grow and is today a community of faith that numbers over 5,100 in weekly worship services each week. This growth that was produced by the Holy Spirit caused him to build. With God leading the way, Dr. Adolph was blessed to acquire well over 75 acres of land and moved Antioch from its location on Washington Blvd. to 3920 W Cardinal Dr. in 2011.

The new location is a communal citadel of hope that consist of a 1500 seat worship center, an administration complex, a housing development that has constructed 60 new homes and added 4 new streets to the city's infrastructure, along with two 148 unit town home projects, Grace Lakes and the Place of Grace for persons 55 years of age and older. All of these multi-million dollar communal kingdom developments were accomplished through the church CDC, Jehovah Jireh Village of which he serves as the President.

Pastor Adolph is well known for his teaching and preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ. His national and international ministry includes a weekly broadcast on The NOW Network, Live Stream global multimedia network, a weekly prayer call that hosts well over 10,000 people every Wednesday morning and has published numerous articles and books. His most recent book released by Advantage Publications is a "must read" that is being used by Christians and churches across the nation to empower believers entitled I Want Some Too: A life-changing look at Paul’s letter to the church in Ephesus. Most importantly, Dr. Adolph is a saved, born-again believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, who is committed to doing all that he can, while he can, for the Lord that saved, healed and called him.

Meet the Director of Urban Theological Institute,
Dr. Quintin L. Robertson

The Rev. Dr. Quintin L. Robertson, a native of Newark, NJ, holds ordination through the National Baptist Convention, USA and the Church of God in Christ. He serves as the Director of the Urban Theological Institute at the seminary, overseeing the Black Church Studies Program. He also served as Director of Admission and Recruitment for the Interdenominational Theological Center in Atlanta for 10 years. He conducts seminars and workshops, and preaches at churches across denominational lines around the nation.